Types of Assessment in Learning

The goal of assessment is to identify what a student should know, comprehend, and accomplish as precisely as feasible.

Assessment in a differentiated classroom must provide unambiguous information on students’ development in terms of classroom material, procedures and products.

This data assists teachers in making sound, well-informed decisions regarding their student’s requirements and the path their instruction should follow.

The assessment helps tutors, students, and parents as well.

As students, they can recognize their strengths and weaknesses.

It gives them tools and opportunities to improve their weak areas.

They are appropriately monitored on their own with the help of assessment outcomes.

For tutors, the assessment results provide feedback on the success of their teaching techniques, presentations, teaching, learning environment, and other aspects of teaching that they have used while teaching.

As parents, they can learn about their children’s progress through their report cards, and based on this information, they make appropriate decisions for their children’s growth and development.

Tutors can improve their instruction by referring to the evaluation report.

Satisfactory reports motivate them to work harder with their students.

At ANGLE, tutors try to pick the best type of assessment that is suitable for each student rather than the same type of assessment method for the whole class.

The six types of assessment

The six types of assessment have been given below:

  • Diagnostic assessment
  • Formative assessment 
  • Summative assessment
  • Confirmative assessment
  • Non referenced assessment
  • Criterion referenced assessment

1. Diagnostic assessment

Diagnostic assessment plays an important role in how teachers identify a student’s learning challenges and needs.

It is the process of identifying students’ strengths and weaknesses in specific skill areas using several tests and reports so that teachers can deliver teaching to meet those requirements.

It helps in decision making related to academic, curricular and instructional decisions.

When a tutor structures diagnostic assessment, they will get the information that they need to understand about students ‘ knowledge and how to engage them in studies.

2. Formative assessment

Formative assessment is a term that refers to techniques that uncover misconceptions, challenges and learning gaps along the route and determine how to fix such gaps.

Its carried out throughout the class or course and helps to improve students’ learning.

Tutors can actively encourage students to self assess their skills by giving them instructions and feedback.

This way students will be more demotivated when they have a belief that the tutor really cares for their development.

3. Summative assessment

In Summative assessment, a tutor evaluates students’ learning.

They are often used in conjunction with Formative assessment. Summative assessments are usually evaluative since they are done after the instructional period.

They are recorded as scores and grades in the academic record of a student.

These are very helpful in analyzing the effectiveness of educational programmes and evaluating the learning progress and the achievements of a student.

Tutors can identify which student is lacking in which subject and can keep track of the pace of their learning.

4. Confirmative assessment

Confirmation is the process of continuous improvement.

They are built based on the results of formative assessment and summative assessment.

They are used to analyze whether the technique that the tutors are following are still effective.`

After that necessary adjustments are made in the educational process to enhance the output and efficiency.

If required various performance improvement programmes are conducted.

At ANGLE, tutors always bring out changes in the way of teaching after every round of assessment.

This way they are better able to teach the way a student has a better chance of understanding.

5. Non referenced assessment

This evaluates the performance of the students who have been given similar training and experience.

Here a comparative study is conducted between the two.

A test is given to the students.

Teachers can then examine their scores to gain a better understanding of a student’s performance.

6. Criterion referenced assessment

In this method of assessing students, learning is based on a set of predetermined attributes without regard for other students’ achievements.

Students must demonstrate that they have met the predetermined attributes or criteria during assessment in order to indicate that they have met the learning objectives.

They also provide information on the skills which a student has not mastered.

Tutors can analyze the effectiveness of training programmes to determine the progress of students.

When different assessment types are utilized by the tutor in the right way a student can learn and progress in the right way.

All the assessment provides a snapshot of the students’ understanding of the subject.

It is the tutors’ duty to select the right type of assessment at the right time.

ANGLE gives out training during the selection process so that they have a better understanding what how are where to use the right kind of assessment.

They are taught how to judge a student based on their academic performance.

About author

Ashique Muhammed

Head of Mathematics Department | Angle Belearn

For the past 12 years, Ashique has been a maths teacher. He leads mathematics department at Angle Belearn. With an A1 mark on both her 10th and 12th board exams, Ashique has an excellent academic record. Along with that, he achieved outstanding results in the All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE), the State Entrance Exam (KEAM), and the CUSAT entrance exam. With one-on-one instruction, he wants to make math simpler for every learner.

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