What is pedagogy?
Pedagogy is a term that refers to the method that a teacher does to influence learning in others. It is the study of teaching approaches and how they affect learners. Pedagogy is essential in developing critical thinking skills in students and to learning more effectively.
Pedagogy is defined as the “ art or science of teaching”
Pedagogy Is an interactive process between breached and learner. It is about teaching values and beliefs to children. Often pedagogy gets confused with the curriculum. Curriculum means what is being taught, while pedagogy deals with the ways, theories, and practices involved in teaching. Healthy classroom interaction and mutual respect between educators and learners are important in pedagogy.
Importance of pedagogy in kids’ learning
A structural teaching method will help children grasp everything more deeply. Pedagogy helps students to think beyond the syllabus. To provide children with a supportive and nurturing environment to learn, we must intellectually stimulate those years of them. Early year education is crucial since it has many benefits for children such as they start to learn social skills, creativity skills, confidence, coordination, etc…. These skills are essential on the way to their adulthood. So, it is a known fact that pedagogy is considered a key factor in improving children’s education. Pedagogy for kids can provide a basic foundation and development for ongoing education. Moreover, pedagogy focuses on play-based learning and intentional teaching. It describes that play-based learning can help children organize and make sense of the world around them as they engage actively with people and other things. There is substantial evidence that improved verbal communication is seen in children when they engage in play-based learning.
Pedagogical learning styles for kids learning:
- Active learning
- problem-based learning
- Inquiry-based learning
- Project-based learning
- Collaborative learning
Active learning is a process in which kids engage in activities, such as reading, writing, discussion, or problem-solving where the teacher can cater to children’s interests, understanding, and development. Active learning can help engage the kids in the learning process rather than sitting quietly and consuming information. It encourages active participation from the child in their learning process through cognitive, emotional, or behavioral activity.
Benefits of Active Learning
- Less distraction
- help develop collaborative skills
- learn to take risks
- Boost creative thinking and skills
- Promotes real-world problem solving
2-Problem Based learning
Problem-based solving is a vital learning pedagogy that uses a meaningful problem to let children better grasp the content of what they are learning, develop strategies to make learning more easier, and build confidence. Problem-based learning has been found to positively support student learning in the mathematical problem-solving skills of kids. These include structured and activity-based problem solving and science learning. Children get to choose their own activities and topics so that they can enjoy what they learn. Problem-based learning helps children develop their problem-solving skills and learn concepts instead of learning what teaching spoon-feeds them. Through problem-based learning, children start pitching ideas and creating their learning styles or methods to make their learning more meaningful.
Difference Between Play-based Learning and Academic Learning:
- Child Centric
- The teacher acts as facilitators of learning
- Build social skills
- Teacher Centric
- Students follow the teacher’s lead
- Concentrated on individual development
Instead of a parent or teacher force-feeding information to children, kids can learn on their own. So many years of research show that kids learn far better when they shift from teacher-centered learning to child-centric learning. Through inquiry-based learning, kids learn to get hold of their own academic growth. Inquiry-based learning focuses on a question that students want to answer, where a unit of work or activity is organized around relevant, authentic, open-ended questions. It is a great way to develop scientific as well as problem-solving skills in kids. Also, it boasts strong engagement and motivation for learning.
Project-based learning is a process in which kids are given real-life things or projects to make their learning more easier and memorable. It is now a widely used process in schools since it has a proven experience in making kids love what they learn. Project-based learning considers the project as the main wheel for driving children through content and learning it by actively participating in it. Studies have found this to foster a range of learning outcomes related to knowledge, skills, confidence, motivation, cooperation, and self-reliability.
What are the benefits of Project-based learning?
- Promote self-study
- Boosts self-confidence
- Improves social engaging
- Develop certain skill sets
- Build teamwork
Collaborative learning focuses on improving the social interactions among children with one another by working, helping, and cooperating. Collaborating with others while learning could deliver a positive impact on children. Collaborative learning emphasizes the fact that if children are to learn by engaging with others, this will result in better cooperation, improved writing skills, and critical thinking skills in them. Moreover, it allows them to not only engage in creative content, but also build on and collaborate with others to engage in problem-solving, science learning, and critical thinking.
Pedagogical learning is considered to be a vital part of every child’s cognitive process. Pedagogy not only builds higher cognitive skills in children but also improves student participation, and social engagement, improves receptive capacity during learning sessions, and knowledge is imparted effectively across a spectrum of learners.